Fr. Devin Roza’s Fulfilled in Christ is a guide to the tradition of typological interpretation of the Bible. It unveils the parallels between the signs and events of the Scriptures and the Sacraments of the Church, as represented in the New Testament as well as the liturgy and teachings of the Catholic Church.
The Early Church read the Scriptures with the conviction that (in the words of St. Augustine), “The New Testament lies hidden in the Old and the Old Testament is unveiled in the New.” Drawing inspiration from how both the Apostles and Christ himself read the Old Covenant as referring to the New (cf. Luke 24:27, 1 Peter 3:20–21, 1 Corinthians 10:1–5), the Church found the Old Testament to be rich with figures, or “types,” that foreshadowed both the mysteries of the life of Christ and the mysteries, or Sacraments, of the New Covenant. This tradition of interpretation was integral to the development Christian doctrine, and manifested itself in the life of the Church most fully in the Sacred Liturgy.
Fulfilled in Christ makes this tradition accessible, providing scriptural background for the primary types and symbols for each of the Sacraments, and a thorough index of references to the places these parallels and symbols are drawn or explained within the Scriptures, the liturgy (including the Patristic readings of the Liturgy of the Hours), and the Catechism of the Catholic Church.
References to the Scriptures, the Catechism, and other works in your library are hyperlinked and searchable, so you can easily explore the sources with a click and search for all the typological interpretations of a particular verse.
A marvelous guide to the typology and symbolism of the sacraments found in Scripture and Tradition. Fr. Roza avoids arbitrary and exaggerated claims by a careful methodology that presents the teaching of Scripture, the liturgy, the Catechism, and the writings of Church Fathers used in the Liturgy of the Hours.
—Peter S. Williamson, co-editor, Catholic Commentary on Sacred Scripture, and Adam Cardinal Maida Chair in Sacred Scripture, Sacred Heart Major Seminary, Michigan
In this book, Catholics will find an indispensable tool for the New Evangelization. Adult education and RCIA groups will encounter here a rich treasure trove where they can dive into the profound meaning of the sacraments as a real participation in the mysteries of Christ. Catechists and scholars will find a comprehensive and yet succinct volume which makes accessible the beauty of the Church’s typological and symbolic understanding of the sacraments, including carefully chosen and compelling excerpts from Church Fathers. Fr. Roza’s study restores us to the mystery that is at the heart of our faith: the mystery of God’s love as it plays out in human history, recorded in the Bible.
—Scott Hahn, professor of theology and Scripture at Franciscan University of Steubenville, author of numerous bestselling books.
Fr. Roza’s book Fulfilled in Christ is a work of immensely detailed and original scholarship involving Scripture. Like many another work of detailed and original scholarship on Scripture it seems likely to be a fundamental contribution to all subsequent work in the area but at the same time open to second thought. There will never be a need for second thoughts in the orthodox grounding of Fulfilled in Christ, however: its explicit grounding in the Tradition of the Roman Catholic Church.
—Fr. James Swetnam, SJ, professor emeritus, Pontifical Biblical Institute
This book by Fr. Devin is a very useful tool to accompany the Logos Bible software. The symbolism that permeates Sacred Scripture is rich in the individual situations in which it arises, however, this symbolism interplays with other related symbols found throughout the Biblical texts. At times they can be complex in their richness; at times the multiplicity of symbols can lead one to forget the closely related ideas. This tool will help the reader keep them in mind and use them for a richer interpretation of the Bible. Enjoy this clever tool and become deeply enriched through its frequent use.
—Fr. Mitch Pacwa, SJ
Years ago, in the course of becoming Catholic, works by Joseph Ratzinger, Jean Danielou, and Henri de Lubac introduced me to the vital riches of typology in Sacred Scripture. Fr. Roza’s wonderful book follows in that great tradition, and does so with an accessible structure and approach that is deeply informed by the Church Fathers and the Catechism of the Catholic Church (U. S. Edition with Glossary and Index). Highly recommended for all students of Scripture and sacramental theology!
—Carl E. Olson, MTS, “Opening the Word” Scripture column, Our Sunday Visitor
Few people realize how deeply the ideas and images of Scripture are embedded in Catholic liturgy and catechesis. That is guaranteed to change for those who read Father Devin Roza’s Fulfilled in Christ. This new compilation is as eye-opening as it is unique. It unveils—like no other resource I know of—the extent to which biblical typology is part of the ‘language’ of Christian faith, worship, and instruction. And full documentation from the Roman Missal, the Liturgy of the Hours, the Catechism, and other ecclesial sources is put at your fingertips! We all owe a debt of gratitude to Father Devin for this remarkable labor of love.
Father Devin Rozais visiting professor of New Testament at the Pontifical Athenaeum Regina Apostolorum in Rome. He has a licentiate degree in Sacred Scripture from the Pontifical Biblical Institute and a licentiate in philosophy from the Pontifical Athenaeum Regina Apostolorum.
“But the Catechism teaches us that the importance of the crossing of the Red Sea goes beyond that of the historical rescue of the Israelites from slavery. In God’s plan, it was an event which also prefigured the even greater salvation that God would give the world through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. In saving the Jewish people from slavery, God was pointing forward to what he would later do through the new Exodus that his Son, Jesus Christ, would bring about on the cross.” (Page 18)
“The Gospel writers for their part presented Jesus as the typological fulfillment of the Old Covenant: as the new Moses, the new David, the new Solomon, and the new Temple.” (Page 2)
“That foreshadows the fulfillment of God’s plan in Jesus Christ—Typology presupposes the unity of God’s plan, which finds its fullness in Jesus Christ. When the Bible is read in light of Jesus Christ, certain realities signified by the text are seen to point forward to a fullness made present in Christ.” (Page 23)
“Because God has a plan that he realizes in history, the realities and events which Scripture speaks about can have a meaning in that plan above and beyond what the human authors of the texts of Scripture had in mind. God can use realities and events to point forward to the salvation which Jesus Christ would bring in its fullness. This meaning of Scripture is the ‘typological sense’ (called the ‘allegorical sense’ in number 117 of the Catechism). The Catechism presents typology as the key that unlocks the unity of the Old and New Testaments.” (Pages 20–21)