In 1894, notable German theologian Otto Pfleiderer delivered the Gifford Lectures at Edinburgh, the subject being “The Philosophy and Development of Religion.” In these lectures, Pfleiderer challenge the believability of the incarnation of Christ, the authenticity of the Gospels, and asserted that Paul believed in a merely spiritual resurrection of Jesus.
The Supernatural in Christianity presents three essays from three different lecturers in response to Pfleiderer’s lectures. Lectures include:
James Orr (1844–1913) was minister of the East Bank United Presbyterian Church in Hawick, Scotland, from 1874–1891, and professor of church history in the Theological College of the United Presbyterian Church of Scotland from 1874–1901. From 1901, he was professor of apologetics and theology at Glasgow College of the United Free Church. He was among the chief promoters for the union between the Free and United Presbyterian Churches in Scotland. He lectured at seminaries all over the world and was a prolific writer and editor.
Orr served as the editor for the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, 1915 Edition, contributed four volumes to the The Pulpit Commentary, and is featured in The Fundamentals (4 vols.).