Continuing the discussion began in Christianity and the Social Crisis, Rauschenbusch describes the social awakening in the church. Re-emphasizing that social change should be the aim of the church, he provides an analysis of society and major issues. Finally, he discusses the necessary direction of moral evolution and suggests methods for the church to meet social challenges.
Walter Rauschenbusch (1861–1918) was a Baptist pastor and important figure in the Social Gospel movement. He co-founded The Brotherhood of the Kingdom, a group of thinkers advocating social change. His writings influenced Martin Luther King Jr., Desmond Tutu, and multiple social justice ministries.